I have come to the personal conclusion that while all artists are not chess players are artists.”

                                                                             -Marcel Duchamp

Over the roughly one-and-a-half millennia of its existence, we have known Chess as a tool of military strategy. A metaphor for human affairs, and a benchmark of genius. So today, we know what is the history of Chess?

Lets go back in the history of chess

Let’s go back in the history of chess

In the 7th century

In the 7th century

While our earliest records of chess are in the 7th century, legend tells that the origin of the game lies in a country earlier.

The Story of Chess

Supposedly, when the youngest prince of the Gupta empire had killed in the battle, his brother devised a way of representing the scene to their grieving mother. Set on the 8 and 8 ashatapadu board used for other popular pastimes. A new game emerged with two key features different rules of moving. Different types of pieces and a single king piece whose fate determined the outcome. It originally knew the game as ‘Chaturanga’, a Sanskrit word for ‘four divisions’.

But with its spread to Sassanid Persia. It acquired its current name and terminology. ‘Chess‘, derived from ‘shah’ meaning ‘king’ and ‘checkmate’ from ‘shah mat’ or the king is helpless.

After the 7th century

After the 7th century

After the 7th century, it introduced the Islamic conquest of Persia to the Arab world. Transcending its role as a tactical simulation, it eventually becomes a reach source of poetic imagery.

Diplomatic and courtiers used chess terms to describe political power. Ruling caliphs become avid players themselves. Historian Al-Masudi considered the game a testament to human free will, compared to games of chance.

Carried the game to east and southest Asia

Carried the game to east and southeast Asia

Medieval trade along the silk road carried the game to east and southeast Asia, where many local variants developed. 

  • In China, they placed Chess pieces at intersections of board squares rather than them, as in the native strategy game go.
  • The reign of Mongol leader Tamerlane saw an 11 and 11 board with safe squares called citadels.
  • In Japanese shogi, captured the opposing player could use pieces.
  • But it was in Europe that Chess began to take on its modern form.
By 1000 AD
By 1000 AD

By 1000 AD

By 1000 AD, the game had become part of the country ‘s education. They used chess as an allegory. For different social classes performing their proper roles, and pieces had re-interpreted in their next context.

At the same time, the church remained suspicious of games moralists cautioned against devoting too much time to them, with chess even being briefly banned in France.

In the 15 th century

In the 15th century

Yet the game proliferated and the 15th century saw it. Cohoring into the form we know today. It recast the relatively weak piece of an advisor as the more powerful queen. Perhaps inspired by the recent surge of strong woman leaders.

This change accelerated the game’s pace and other rules popularized. Treatises analyzing common openings and end games appeared.

In the enlightenment era

In the enlightenment era

Chess theory was born with the enlightenment era, the game moved from royal courts to coffee houses.

We have now seen chess as an expression of creativity. Encouraging bold moves and dramatic plays. This ‘Romantic’ style reached its peak in the immortal game of 1851, where Adolf Anderssen managed a checkmate. After sacrificing his queen and both rooks.

But the emergence of formal competitive play in the late 19th century. Meant that strategic calculation would eventually trump dramatic flair. And with the rise of the International Competition. Chess took on a new Geopolitical importance. During the Cold war, the Soviet Union devoted great resources to cultivating chess talent, determining the championships for the rest of the country. 

But the player who would truly upset Russian dominance was not a citizen of another country.

But an IBM computer called Deep Blue. Chess-playing computers had developed for decades. But Deep blue ‘s triumph over, Garry Kasparov in 1997 was the first time a machine had defeated a sitting champion. So this is a very interesting history of chess.


Chess software is capable of consistency defeating the best human players. But just like game, they’ve mastered. These machines are products of human ingenuity. And perhaps that same ingenuity will guide us out of this apparent checkmate. I hope you understand the very interesting topic “The history of chess“. Goodbye, my friends and don’t forget to share with your friends and your relatives. You also read my very interesting blogs